Index Part Two

This section contains those families, which once ruled over independant states or countries. That is to say that they

could sign laws and generally possessed the rights normally attributed to a Head of State. In some cases, they also

had an over-lord or formed part of an empire. But, within their own territories they were considered to be sovereign.

Many possessed the cherished 'coinage right'. Most of these families have a coat-of-arms normally depicted with the

'closed' crown of their rank. Many were mediatised by Napoleon, at the end of the Holy Roman Empire, around 1806.

For this reason we have included some families which only ever achieved the rank of Count - although they were

accorded the style of Illustrious Highness. For the most part, therefore, this section applies to the various German

states. The list is denoted by country or state, though sometimes the name is the same as that of the territory. We

have included several junior branches, even though some of these do not strictly count as ex-ruling families.



H.I.R.H = His Imperial and Royal Highness

H.M. = His Majesty

H.R.H. = His Royal Highness

H.S.H. = His Serene Highness (Durchlaucht)

H.ILL.H. = His Illustrious Highness (Erlaucht)

His = Her, either by marriage or in her own right

H.H. = His Highness


Abkhazi - Prince

Albania (Zogu) - H.M. King Leka of the Albanians

Altenburg - Prince von Altenburg

Andronikov - Prince Andronikof

Anhalt (Ascania) - H.H Duke of Anhalt

Aosta - H.R.H. Duke of Aosta

Ardeck - Prince von Ardeck

Arenberg (Arenberg) - H.S.H Duke of Arenberg

Arenberg (France) - Duke d'Arenberg

Auersperg (Auersperg) - H.S.H. Prince of Auersperg

Auersperg-Breunner - Prince von Auersperg-Breunner

Auersperg-Trautson (Auersperg) - Prince von Auersperg-Trautson

Austria (Habsburg-Lorraine) - See Habsburg

Baden (Zäbringen) H.R.H. Margrave of Baden

Bagration-Moukransky - Prince of Bagration-Moukransky

Bavaria (Wittelsbach) H.R.H. Duke of Bavaria

Bavaria (Line 2) - Extinct 1973

Bentheim & Steinfurt (Bentheim) - H.S.H. Prince zu Bentheim und Steinfurt

Bentheim-Tecklenburg (Bentheim) - H.S.H. Prince zu Bentheim-Tecklenburg

Bentinck (Bentinck) - H.ILL.H. Count Bentinck und Waldeck-Limpurg

Biron von Curland - Prince Biron von Curland

Bonaparte - Prince of Canino (Extinct 1882)

Borbón-Dos-Sicilios - H.R.H. Duke of Calabria

Bourbón-Dos-Sicilios (Borbón-dos-Sicilios) - H.R.H. Duke of Castro

Bourbon-Orléans - H.R.H Count of Paris

Bourbon-Parma (Bourbon) H.R.H. Duke of Parma

Braganza - H.R.H. Duke of Braganza

Bulgaria (Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) H.M. King II Simeon of the Bulgarians

Cantacuzino - Prince Cantacuzino

Castell-Castell (Castell) - H.S.H. Prince zu Castell-Castell

Castell-Rüdenhausen (Castell) - H.S.H. Prince zu Castell-Rüdenhausen

Chavchavadze - H.H. Prince

Chervachidze - Prince Chervachidze

Clary und Aldringen - H.S.H Prince von Clary und Aldringen

Colleredo-Mannsfeld (Colleredo-Mannsfeld) - H.S.H. Prince von Colleredo-Mannsfeld

Croÿ (Croÿ-Dulmen) - H.S.H. Duke of Croÿ

Croy (Austrian Branch) - Prince of Croy

Croy (Belgian Branch 1) - Prince of Croy

Croy (Belgian Branch 2) - Prince of Croy

Croy (Bohemian Branch) - Prince of Croy

Croy (French Branch) - Prince of Croy

Dadeschkeliani - Prince Dadeschkeliani

Erbach - General

Erbach-Erbach (Erbach) H. ILL. H. Count zu Erbach-Erbach

Erbach-Fürstenau (Erbach) H. ILL.H. Count zu Erbach-Fürstenau

Erbach-Schönberg (Erbach) - H.S.H. Prince and Count zu Erbach-Schönberg

Esterházy de Galántha (Esterhazy) - H.S.H. Prince Esterházy de Galántha

France Imperial - See Napoleon

France Royal - See Orléans-Bourbon

Fugger von Babenhausen (Fugger) H.S.H. Prince Fugger von Babenhausen

Fugger von Glött - Extinct 1981

Fugger von Kirchberg - Extinct 1968

Fürstenberg (Fürstenberg) - H.S.H. Prince zu Fürstenberg

Fürstenberg-Königshof - Extinct

Greece (Oldenburg) H.M. King Constantine of the Hellenes

Habsburg (Habsburg-Lorraine) - H.I.R.H Archduke Otto

Habsburg-Lorraine - S.A.S Prince of Habsburg-Lorraine

Habsburg-Tuscany - H.I.R.H Prince of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria

Hanau (Hanau) - H.S.H. Prince von Hanau und Horowitz

Hannover (Guelph) H.R.H. Prince of Hannover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg

Harrach (Harrach) H.ILL.H. Count von Harrach zu Rohrau und Thannhausen

Harrach (Line 2) - H.ILL.H. Count von Harrach zu Rohrau und Thannhausen

Hesse (Lorraine-Brabant) - H.R.H Landgrave of Hesse

Hohenlohe General

Hohenlohe-Bartenstein (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Prince zu Hohenlohe-Bartenstein

Hohenlohe-Jagstberg (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Prince zu Hohenlohe-Jagstberg

Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Prince zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Hohenlohe-Oehringen (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Prince zu Hohenlohe-Oehringen

Hohenlohe-Schillingfûrst (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H Duke von Ratibor, Prince von Corvey

Hohenlohe-Waldenberg (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Prince zu Hohenlohe-Waldenberg Schillingsfürst

Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern) H.R.H. Prince von Hohenzollern

Imeritinsky - Prince Imertinsky

Isenburg-Birstein (Isenburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Isenburg

Isenburg-Büdingen (Isenburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Isenburg und Büdingen

Isenburg und Büdingen in Wächtersbach (Isenburg) - H.S.H. Prince

Isenburg-Philippseich - Extinct in legitimate male line since 1920

Italy - See Savoy

Kevenhüller-Metsch - (Kevenhüller-Metsch) - H.S.H Prince von Kevenhüller-Metsch

Königsegg-Aulendorf (Königsegg) H.ILL.H. Count zu Königsegg-Aulendorf

Küfstein (Küfstein) H.ILL.H. Count von Küfstein

Leiningen (Counts of Sarrbruck) - H.S.H. Prince zu Leiningen

Leyen - Prince von der Leyen

Lippe (Lippe) - H.S.H. Prince of Lippe

Lippe-Biesterfeld - H.S.H. Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld

Lippe-Weissenfeld (Lippe) - H.S.H Prince of Lippe-Weissenfeld

Lobkowitz - H.S.H Prince von Lobkowitz von Raudnitz und Sternstein

Lobkowitz (Belgian Line) - Prince von Lobkowitz

Looz & Corswarem (Looz) - H.S.H. Duke of Looz and Corswarem

Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (Löwenstein) - H.S.H. Prince

Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (Löwenstein) - H.S.H. Prince

Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Mecklenburg) - Extinct 1996

Mecklenburg--Strelitz (Mecklenburg) - H.H Duke of Mecklenburg

Metternich-Winneburg - Extinct

Montenegro (Petrovic-Njegos) - H.R.H Crown Prince

Murat - H.R.H. Prince Murat

Napoleon - H.I.H Prince Napoleon

Neipperg (Neipperg) - H.Ill.H. Count and Lord von Neipperg

Oettingen-Spielberg (Oettingen) - H.S.H. Prince zu Oettingen-Oettingen

Oettingen-Wallerstein (Oettingen) - H.S.H. Prince zu Oettingen-Wallerstein

Oldenburg (Oldenburg) - H.R.H. Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Orsini-Rosenberg (Orsini) - H.S.H Prince von Orsini und Rosenberg

Ortenburg (Ortenburg) - H.ILL.H Count zu Ortenburg

Pappenheim (Pappenheim) - H.ILL.H Count and Lord zu Pappenheim

Platen-Hallermund (Platen) - H.ILL.H. Count and Noble Lord von Platen-Hallermund

Portugal (Bragança) - see H.R.H. Duke of Bragança

Prussia (Hohenzollern) - H.I.R.H. Prince of Prussia

Pückler und Limpurg - Extinct 1963

Quadt (Quadt) H.S.H. Prince von Quadt zu Wykradt und Isny

Ratibor & Corvey (Hohenlohe) - H.S.H. Duke von Ratibor and Prince von Corvey

Rechberg (Rechberg) - H.ILL.H. Count von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen zu Hohenrechberg

Rechberg (Line 2) - H.ILL.H Count von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen

Rechteren Limpurg (Heeckeren) - H.ILL.H. Count von Rechteren Limpurg

Rechteren-Limpurg (Line 2) - H.ILL.H Count von Rechteren-Limpurg

Reuss (Reuss) - H.S.H Prince of Reuss (Previously known as Younger Line)

Reuss-Creitz (Reuss) - Extinct 1927

Reuss-Köstritz (Reuss) - H.S.H. Prince Reuss Köstritz

Reuss-Schleitz (Reuss) - H.S.H. Prince Reuss-Schleitz

Romania (Hohenzollern) - H.M. King Michael

Romanov (Romanov) - H.I.H. Prince Romanov

Russia General

Russia (Romanov) - H.I.H Grand Duchess Maria

Salm General

Salm-Horstmar (Salm) - H.S.H. Prince and Rheingraf zu Salm-Horstmar

Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim und Dyck (Salm) - H.S.H Prince and Altgraf

Salm-Reifferscheid-Raitz (Salm) - H.S.H. Prince and Altgraf

Salm-Salm (Salm) - H.S.H. Prince zu Salm-Salm

Savoy - H.R.H. Prince of Naples, Duke of Savoy

Saxe (Wettin) H.R.H. Margrave of Meissen

Saxe-Altenburg (Wettin) Extinct 1991

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Wettin) H.R.H. Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Saxe-Coburg-Kohary - Prince von Saxe-Coburg-Hohary

Saxe-Meiningen (Wettin) H.R.H Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Saxe-Weimar-Eiseach (Wettin) - H.R.H. Prince of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (Spanheim) - H.S.H. Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg

Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein (Spanheim) - H.S.H. Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein

Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn (Spanheim) - H.S.H. Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn

Schaesberg (Schaesberg) - H.ILL.H. Count von Schaesberg

Schaumburg-Lippe (Lippe) - H.S.H Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

Schleswig-Holstein (Holstein) - H.H. Prince zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Schlitz (Schlitz) - H.ILL.H. Count and Lord von Schlitz Gennant von Görtz

Schönaich-Carolath - H.S.H. Prince zu Schönaich-Carolath

Schönborn (Schörnborn) - Count von Schörnborn

Schönborn-Buccheim (Schönborn) - H.ILL.H. Count von Schönborn-Buccheim

Schörnborn-Wiesentheid (Schönborn) - H.ILL.H. Count von Schönborn-Weisentheid

Schönburg-Glachau (Schönburg) - H.ILL.H. Count von Schönburg zu Galchau

Schönburg-Hartenstein (Schönburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Schönburg-Hartenstein

Schönburg-Waldenburg (Schönburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Schörnburg-Waldenburg

Schwartzburg - Extinct 1971

Schwartzenberg (Schwartzenberg) - H.S.H Prince zu Schwartzenberg (Extinct)

Schwartzenberg (Second Majorat) - H.S.H. Prince of Schwartzenberg

Solms General

Solms-Baruth (Solms) - H.S.H. Prince zu Solms-Baruth

Solms-Braunfels - Extinct

Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (Solms) - H.S.H. Prince zu Solms-Hohensolms-Lich

Solms-Laubach (Solms) H.ILL.H. Count zu Solms-Laubach

Solms-Rödelheim (Solms) - Count zu Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim

Solms-Sonnenwalde (Solms) - Count zu Solms-Sonnenwalde

Solms-Wildenfels (Solms) - Count zu Solms-Wildenfels

Starhemberg - (Starhemberg - H.S.H. Prince von Starhemberg

Stolberg-Rossla (Stolberg) -Extinct 1982

Stolberg-Stolberg (Stolberg) - H.S.H. Prince and Count zu Stolberg

Stolberg-Stolberg-Brauna (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Stolberg-Brauna

Stolberg-Stolberg-Paskau (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Stolberg-Paskau

Stolberg-Stolberg-Westheim (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Stolberg-Westheim

Stolberg-Wernigerode (Stolberg) - H.S.H. Prince zu Stolberg-Wernigerode

Stolberg-Wernigerode-Jannowitz (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Wernigerode-Jannovitz

Stolberg-Wernigerode-Krepplehof (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Wernigerode-Krepplehof

Stolberg-Wernigerode-Peterswaldau (Stolberg) - Count zu Stolberg-Wernigerode-Peterswaldau

Sturdza - Prince Sturdza

Thurn und Taxis (Taxo) - H.S.H. Prince von Thurn und Taxis

Thurn und Taxis (Line 2) - H.S.H Prince von Thurn und Taxis

Törring (Törring) - H.ILL.H. Count zu Törring-Jettenbach

Trauttmansdorff (Trauttmansdorff) - H.S.H. Prince von und zu Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg

Urach (Urach) - Duke von Urach

Waldbott (Waldbott) - H.ILL.H. Count Waldbott von Bassenheim, Princely Burggraf Winterrieden

Waldburg (Waldburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee

Waldburg (Waldburg) - H.S.H. Prince von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg

Waldburg-Zeil - Count von Waldburg-Zeil

Waldeck & Pyrmont (Waldeck) H.S.H Prince of Waldeck

Wied (Wied) - H.S.H. Prince zu Wied

Windisch-Grätz (Windisch-Grätz) - H.S.H. Prince zu Windisch-Grätz

Windisch-Grätz (Line II) - H.S.H. Prince zu Windisch-Grätz

Wurmbrand-Stuppach (Wurmbrand) - H.ILL.H. Count von Wurmbrand-Stuppach

Württemberg (Württemberg) - H.R.H. Duke of Württemberg

Yugoslavia/Serbia (Karageorgevic) - H.R.H. Crown Prince Alexander